Project ID: 35169

China Eximbank provides RMB 430 million government concessional loan for MA60 Aircraft Acquisition Project (Linked to Project ID#58109)

Commitment amount

$ 78887695.26152909

Adjusted commitment amount

$ 78887695.26

Constant 2021 USD


Funding agency [Type]

Export-Import Bank of China (China Eximbank) [State-owned Policy Bank]




Government and civil society (Code: 150)

Flow type


Level of public liability

Central government debt

Financial distress






Development (The next section lists the possible statuses.)





Financial Flow Classification

ODA-like (The next section lists the possible statuses.)

Official Development Assistance

Other Official Flows

Vague (Official Finance)

Flows categorized based on OECD-DAC guidelines

Project lifecycle


Completion (The next section lists the possible statuses.)










Actual complete



On November 11, 2013, China Eximbank and Cameroon's Ministry of Economy, Planning, and Regional Development (MINEPAT) signed a framework agreement for a government concessional loan (GCL) worth RMB 430 million for the MA60 Aircraft Acquisition Project. The GCL was signed on the same day by both parties, but the precise commitment date is unknown. The framework agreement specified the borrowing terms of the loan: a 20 year maturity, a 5 year grace period, and a 2% interest rate. As of December 31, 2020, the loan (GCL) had achieved a 89.8% disbursement rate. The loan’s outstanding amount was equivalent to CFA 30.7 billion as of December 31, 2020. The purpose of the project was to facilitate the acquisition of three MA60 Chinese aircraft that would be added to the fleet of the state-owned Cameroon Airlines Corporation. This project was part of a "buy two get one free" deal. China Development Bank provided a RMB 215 million grant to the Government of Cameroon for the acquisition of one MA60 aircraft (as captured via Project ID#58109), and the Government of Cameroon agreed to borrow RMB 430 million from China Eximbank for the acquisition of two additional MA-60 aircraft. AVIC was the contractor responsible for implementation. The two aircraft purchased with the proceeds of the China Eximbank loan were delivered on April 1, 2015. A few months before their delivery, a controversy arose in Cameroon around the quality and reliability of the planes. The Chinese Ambassador to Cameroon at the time, Wo Ruidi, defended the deal and said that the “MA-60s are reliable”. Then, on March 10, 2019, the tail of one of the MA60s struck the ground during a landing at Bafoussam-Bamougoum airport. The Civil Aviation Authority of Cameroon suspended continued use of the aircraft until proof of its airworthiness could be provided. It also recommended that La Cameroon Airlines Corporation (Camair-Co) contact the manufacturer (AVIC). There are some indications that the China Eximbank loan for the MA60 Aircraft Acquisition Project may have financially underperformed vis-a-vis the original expectations of the lender. In January 2019, Cameroon unilaterally withheld debt service payments to China Eximbank. The lender responded by withholding new loan disbursements. Then, in July 2019, China Eximbank and the Government of Cameroon signed a debt rescheduling agreement (as captured via Project ID#88213). Under the terms of the agreement, China Eximbank agreed to reschedule 18 loans previously contracted by the Government of Cameroon — with scheduled principal repayments between July 2019 and March 2022 — by allowing the borrower to defer scheduled principal repayments between July 2019 and March 2022 to later dates but without any maturity extensions. The total amount of restructured debt was equivalent CFA 148 billion ($253 million) — or 70% of the loan principal that was scheduled for repayment between July 2019 and March 2022. Under the terms of the agreement, the Government of Cameroon agreed to repay 30% of the loan principal according to the original July 2019-March 2022 schedule (i.e. without any payment deferrals). The lender and the borrower also agreed to cancel the committed but undisbursed loan balances worth approximately CFA 10 billion (for certain loans with disbursement deadlines that had already passed). Then, in January 2020, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) classified the Government Cameroon as facing a high risk of debt distress. Eighteen months later, during an address before Cameroon’s National Assembly on June 28, 2021, the Minister of Water and Energy (MINEE) Gaston Eloundou Esommba provided an update on the ICBC-financed Bini à Warak Hydroelectric Power Plant Project. He noted that the project had been 'on hold' since November 2019 because ICBC suspended the loan agreement, even though the Government of Cameroon had already mobilized XAF 22 billion of counterpart funding. He also explained that 'the reason for this suspension is that Cameroon did not settle some of its debts towards China on time, so, it is in a cross-default situation.’

Additional details

1. The French project title is Projet d'achat de deux (02) aéronefs MA60. 2. In the database of Chinese loan commitments that SAIS-CARI released in July 2020, it records the maturity length of this China Eximbank loan as 21 years. AidData records the maturity length as 20 years since the loan framework agreement supporting the project specifies a maturity length of 20 years. 3. The framework agreement can be accessed in its entirety via SourceID#68264 or 4. The project ID number for this transaction in Cameroon's Development Assistance Database (DAD) is CAM/00088.

Number of official sources


Number of total sources


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Direct receiving agencies [Type]

Cameroon Ministry of Economy, Planning, and Regional Development (MINEPAT) [Government Agency]

Implementing agencies [Type]

Government of Cameroon [Government Agency]

Cameroon Airlines Corporation [State-owned Company]

AVIC International Holding Corporation [State-owned Company]

Loan Details


20 years

Interest rate


Grace period

5 years

Grant element (OECD Grant-Equiv)


Bilateral loan

Government Concessional Loan

Investment project loan